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Editorial Board       p-ISSN 2308-4944 (print)       e-ISSN 2409-0085 (online)
SOI: 1.1/TAS         DOI: 10.15863/TAS

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ISJ Theoretical & Applied Science 10(90) 2020

Philadelphia, USA

* Scientific Article * Impact Factor 6.630

Sayidova, G. Y.

Structural-compositional analysis of simile in the poetry of Alisher Navoi.

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Language: English

Citation: Sayidova, G. Y. (2020). Structural-compositional analysis of simile in the poetry of Alisher Navoi. ISJ Theoretical & Applied Science, 10 (90), 230-236. Soi: Doi:

Pages: 230-236

Published: 30.10.2020

Abstract: The article explores the linguistic-poetic aspect of the art of simile in the poetic works of Alisher Navoi, which has a special place in the development of world of creative thought and its types are structurally-compositionally analyzed, revealed in a diminutive form or formula in order to have a clear idea of its structural features and to have a clear understanding, and the principles of structural division of simile are given. According to the presence, place and quantity of analogy components in the poet's intended works, analogies are initially divided into three types – simple analogies, complex analogies and complex analogies and two types of simple analogies have been identified. According to the presence of the components of simile, they are divided into two types, i.e. complete simile and indirect simile, and are classified using some formal symbols. In the poet's poems, indirect (with alike and comparable components) simile, i.e., A (alike) and B (comparable) components are based on factual material, which is more frequently used in the poet’s works than other structures of simile. The structure of simple simile in the poet's poems is A – alike, Б – comparable, B – register for simile, and Г –the sign of simile and it involves all components of simile – A Б В Г. In complicated simile, it was found that A – alike, and B - comparable are indeed present, in which B – register for simile are used. In particular, the non-use of the Г –the sign of simile has been widely observed. A Б В formula plays an important role in the structure of complicated simile. The third type of simile, defined as complex simile, occurs in the form of one A-alike and two or more Бs. Its formula is in the form A Б Б... В Г or A Б Б... В. In Alisher Navoi's poetic works, especially in his ghazals on romantic themes, the structure in the form A Б Б... В Г or A Б Б... В is widely used, as given examples. Such structures of simile were the basis for the poet to express the inner and outer beauty of the beloved in an accurate, vivid and impressive way. Although the simile used in the poet's poems differ in structural and compositional features, they all serve the same purpose - the perfection of the work of art, to make the content beautiful and impressive, and most importantly, to give clear and vivid expression of universal ideas.

Key words: structure, composition, simile, tashbih, component, sign, formula, alike, comparable, the register of simile, complete simile, direct likeness, simple simile, complicated simile, complex simile.








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